The human hormone system plays a significant role in managing the growth and development of the body, the network function, mood, metabolism, reproduction, and sexual function. Therefore, the failure of these systems could cause serious health problems.
The human hormone system is composed of several main glands: thyroid, parathyroid, pituitary, hypothalamus, adrenal, pancreas, epiphysis, and reproductive glands. Hormones transfer instructions and information from one cell to another cell. However, each type of hormones can only affect individual cells.
In general, the process of the body, such as the motion of the body and breath, are controlled by the nervous system. Meanwhile, the slow process in the body, such as the development of the cell, controlled by the hormone system. Both of these systems complement each other so that the whole system in the body can work optimally.
Hormonal System Disorders
Hormonal system disorders are caused by two main things: the presence of lumps like tumors on hormones and hormone imbalance. Hormone levels in the human body have to be in normal condition. Hormone levels are too high or too low can lead to disorders of the body.
- Growth hormone disorders
The tumor on the pituitary gland can cause excessive growth of bones and other body parts. A condition called Gigantism can be overcome by lifting the tumor. Instead, the human body is not well developed due to lack of growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland. This condition can be addressed with hormone replacement therapy and administering drugs.
- Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes results from the performance of the pancreas do not produce enough of the hormone insulin. The cause is not known for sure himself, but the case of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents is caused due to disorders of the immune system, i.e. when some part of the human immune system destroys pancreatic cells that produce insulin. Insulin injections are periodically required to handle this condition.
- Type 2 diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, the body cannot usually respond to insulin or the insulin production decreases. The disease is known from the increased blood sugar levels. Some sufferers require insulin injections on a regular basis, while most other patients can control blood sugar levels with medication, exercise, and dietary changes.
Addison’s disease of the adrenal glands produces corticosteroids Incompetence causing fatigue, weakness, skin discoloration, dehydration, abdominal pain, and nausea. This condition is usually resolved with medication to replace the hormone corticosteroid.
This condition is caused due to thyroid hormone production is reduced. The lack of the thyroid levels in the blood can cause dry skin, increase weight loss, constipation, and fatigue. Children who experience this condition are slower growing and longer reach puberty.
This condition occurs when the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very high, one of them due to disease of the Grave, which causes the thyroid gland to become extremely active. Rapid weight loss characterizes hyperthyroidism, a lot of sweating, anxiety, and heart pounding fast. This situation can be treated with drugs, radiation, and surgery.
The disorder is characterized by a lack of hormones produced by the pituitary gland (pituitary), due to a few different types of diseases. Some of the factors that can lead to this condition are tumors, radiation, infection, and some other things. The treatment of this disorder is with hormone replacement therapy and administering drugs.
- Early puberty
Several children experience puberty faster because the pituitary gland releases a hormone that stimulates sex glands to produce hormones testosterone and estrogen first. The appearance of acne usually marks early puberty, the growth of the body, body odor like adults and the emergence of armpit and pubic hair before the age should be.
- Cushing’s Syndrome
The emergence of some of the symptoms resulting from exposure to the hormone cortisol in large quantities. One of the main causes is using corticosteroid drugs in the long term. The symptoms can be found in Cushing’s syndrome of which namely weight increases, the face looked rounder (moon face), fat buildup in the neck and shoulders (buffalo hump) and decreased sexual desire.
To diagnose the cause of the possibility of system failure and hormones, doctors can perform blood and urine examination to know hormone levels. Temporary lumps on Glans can be detected by a scan. If you have symptoms related to hormone system disorders, it is better to consult a physician immediately before they arise other more severe disorders.